According to a study by the Bertelsmann Foundation, every year thousands of young people drop out of school without obtaining a high school diploma. Although some federal states have made progress in this regard, the proportion of school graduates who do not have a final study document has remained at around 6% for many years.
“With a growing shortage of skilled workers, our society cannot afford to leave young people without a high school diploma,” said Klaus Klemm, author of a survey commissioned by the Bertelsmann Foundation. An education researcher performed a ten-year comparison from 2011 to 2021 – more recent data was not available at the time of analysis.
In 2021, approximately 47,500 students left school without a high school diploma, corresponding to a share of 6.2%. In 2011, this figure was 6.1%.
In 2013, this figure fell to 5.7%, after which it rose again – without taking into account the “failure” of 2020 caused by the pandemic.
According to the study, boys and adolescents of foreign nationality belong to a particular risk group. As the situation analysis showed, girls – in 2020 – make up only 38% of school graduates who do not have a final education document.
In the group of foreigners, the share of graduates without a certificate in 2020 was 13.4%, among Germans – 4.6%.
Young people without a high school diploma in 2020:
49% studied in special schools, 20% - in a general education school, 13% - in a secondary school.
Some federal states were able to reduce their relatively high rates during the study period, such as Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (from 13.3% to 8.1%), Saxony-Anhalt (from 12.1% to 9.6%) and Berlin (from 9.7% to 6.7%). ).
The highest school dropout rate in 2021 is Bremen with 10.0%.
Lowest in 2021:
Baden-Württemberg (5.8%) Hesse (5.3%) Bavaria (5.1%)
Documentation of skills
People without qualifications have a higher risk of being at sea. In 2021, there were 1.7 million young people (uneducated) between 20 and 30 years old.
The Bertelsmann Foundation recommended documenting the set of skills that young people have acquired in addition to the classic certificate. This will increase the chances of getting vocational training even without a high school diploma.
Another lever to improve the situation is the guarantee of continuous training. The coalition parties have fixed it in their agreement.
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